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Culture restores the Virgen de los Dolores and the Cristo Monte Calvario de Archena (08/04/2019)

The Ministry of Tourism and Culture has restored the carvings of the Virgen de los Dolores by Juan González Moreno and the Cristo del Monte Calvario (Christ Crucified / Yacente) by Enrique Salas.

The images, belonging to the Parochial Church of San Juan Bautista de Archena, have been delivered today by the Minister of Tourism and Culture, Miriam Guardiola, in the Center for Restoration of the Region.

Guardiola highlighted "the intense work carried out each year from the Restoration Center for the Holy Week so that the carvings of the different processional parades of the Region, shows a great sculptural tradition, look in the best conditions."

On this occasion, he added, "these are two beautiful images that, in just a few days, will tour the streets of Archena on the occasion of their Holy Week, declared of Regional Tourist Interest."

Virgin of Sorrows

In the case of the Virgen de los Dolores, it is, according to the Minister of Culture, "a 'dress sculpture' made in the second half of the 20th century by one of the great sculptors of the Region, Juan González Moreno, a work of salzillesque inspiration and remarkable invoice and technical quality that stands out for the expressiveness of the hands and face ".

The restoration process carried out has been complicated, since the size had been subjected to an unfortunate previous intervention that damaged the original polychrome in an irreversible way.

"A new example of the importance of having professionals like the regional center to perform restoration work that really help preserve the artistic and religious heritage in the best conditions," said the counselor.

Other alterations were added to the chromatic alteration, such as the lifting of strata of the base of the enlienzado, the inadequate fixation of the arms, as well as multiple scratches on the hands and neck derived from the process of dressing the image.

The restoration has focused on the removal of repaints, followed by a reconstruction of strata and a differentiated chromatic reintegration of each of the faults and abrasions presented by the original pictorial film.

It has been finished with the corresponding protective varnish, adjusting the brightness to the semi-matt polychromy left by Juan González Moreno in his works.

Christ Mount Calvary

The Christ, known as Cristo Monte Calvario, was made in the first half of the 20th century by the relevant Archean creator Enrique Salas for his specific function as Crucified and Yacente, and who "is the protagonist of one of the most popular and exciting moments of the Holy Week of Archena, the descent that takes place every Holy Friday ".

In this sense, Guardiola pointed out, "we are before a singular work, one of the few remaining examples of Christ articulated to proceed to unlocking."

Also in this case, the image presented a remarkable change derived from an unfortunate previous intervention that altered its original polychrome, changing the primitive sallow color to dark brown, hiding and altering drops of blood.

An important damage that added small cracks and fissures, abrasions of the pictorial film and occasional detachments of strata.

"Fortunately, after an intense and complicated cleaning process, it has been possible to eliminate the most recent layer and recover the original colors, after which an amazing chromatic change is observed in the work, a process that, once again, reveals the experience and training of the technicians of the Restoration Center ", said Guardiola.

The intervention was completed with an elaborate process of chromatic reintegration differentiated from areas that had faults or abrasions, and that has been very high in the legs and feet (a wear that is an obvious sign of the great devotion that this image has aroused) throughout history), ending with the corresponding protection varnish.

Source: CARM

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